The Quest for Ulysses

National Geographic August 1986:

"THE WHOLE WORLD talks of my stratagems, and my fame has reached the heavens'' boasted Ulysses, who devised the Trojan horse to sneak Greeks into Troy, thus finally ending the decade-long conflict chronicled by Homer in the iliad. The map frieze portrays scenes from the Odyssey, the story of ULysses' ten-year-long journey home to Ithaca. His 12- ship squadron first plundered "a generous supply'' of wind in an attack on the Cicones of Isrnarus.
"Accursed winds'' at Cape Malea pushed them "across the fish-infested seas'' to the land of the Lotus-eaters, whose "honeyed fruit'' caused men "to forget that they had a home to return to.'' Escaping they sailed to Crete, Severin believes, where
they encountered the Cyclops Polyphemus. He devoured several crewmen before Ulysses blinded the giant's single eye and helped the men slip away.
The spellbinding goddess Circe transformed crewmen into animals, but Ulysses foiled her magic and Iïngered as her lover for a year on her Island-probably Paxos in Sevetin's theory.
Six men were lest to the jaws of Scylla as Ulysses' only surviving ship passed beneath her laïr to avoid the adjacent whirlpool, Charybdis (inset).
Poseidon, god of the sea, sent fierce storms to punish the hero for blinding Polyphemus, his son. Only Ulysses survived when Zeus destroyed the ship after its crewmen slaughtered the prized cattle of the sun god, Hyperion. The kind "sea-faring Phaeacians "ferried him home, where, in a contest among suitors courting his wife, Penelope, only the disguised Ulysses could string his powerful bow. Slaying the dozens of competitors, he reclaimed his throne.

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